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1 March 2001 SEROLOGIC RESPONSE OF MANED WOLVES (CHRYSOCYON BRACHYURUS) TO CANINE DISTEMPER VIRUS AND CANINE PARVOVIRUS VACCINATION
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Abstract

This study evaluated the immune response of 47 (22 males, 25 females) captive maned wolves (Chrysocyon brachyurus) to modified-live canine parvovirus and canine distemper virus (Onderstepoort and Rockborn strains) vaccines. Sera were collected from 33 adults and 14 pups, including five free-ranging pups captured at 1 yr of age or younger. All the adults and four captive-born pups had been vaccinated prior to this first blood collection. Virus neutralization and hemagglutination-inhibition assays were performed for quantitating antibodies against canine distemper and canine parvovirus, respectively. Distemper antibody titers ≥100 were present in 57% of adults and 14% of pups. All adults and 29% of pups had parvovirus antibody titers ≥80. After vaccination, 72% of the wolves developed antibody titers ≥100 against distemper and 98% developed titers ≥80 against parvovirus. Both vaccines used were safe and immunogenic to juvenile and adult maned wolves, regardless of prior vaccination history.

Otávio Borges Maia and Aurora Maria Guimarães Gouveia "SEROLOGIC RESPONSE OF MANED WOLVES (CHRYSOCYON BRACHYURUS) TO CANINE DISTEMPER VIRUS AND CANINE PARVOVIRUS VACCINATION," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 32(1), (1 March 2001). https://doi.org/10.1638/1042-7260(2001)032[0078:SROMWC]2.0.CO;2
Received: 1 February 2000; Published: 1 March 2001
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