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1 March 2002 INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE DETERMINATION IN CLINICALLY NORMAL RED-FOOTED TORTOISE (GEOCHELONE CARBONARIA)
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Abstract

Intraocular pressure (IOP) reflects a balance between aqueous humor production and outflow and is often an essential ophthalmic diagnostic procedure in animals. The objective of this study was to estimate IOP in clinically normal red-footed tortoises (Geochelone carbonaria) of various sizes by using applanation tonometry. Intraocular pressures were estimated for 25 captive red-footed tortoises (10 males, 10 females, and 5 animals of unknown sex) by using an applanation tonometer after topical anesthesia. Body length ranged from 5.1 to 54.9 cm, measured from nuchal to anal scutes. Five measurements from each eye were obtained by a single observer in an ambient temperature of approximately 30°C. Observer's reliability was good (intraclass r = 0.75), and IOP did not change over the ordered sequence of five replicate measurements. For individual tortoises the correlation for IOP between the left and right eyes was low (r = 0.20). The paired t-test did not show any statistical effect (P = 0.426) for the difference in IOP between the left and right eyes. Mean IOP determined for 10 confirmed males and 10 confirmed females did not differ between sexes (P = 0.244). The mean IOP of five small tortoises (<10 cm long) was not significantly different (P = 0.244) from that of 20 large tortoises (>10 cm long). In red-footed tortoises there does not appear to be any relation between carapace length and IOP.

André L. Selmi, Guilherme M. Mendes, Concepta McManus, and Patrícia Arrais "INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE DETERMINATION IN CLINICALLY NORMAL RED-FOOTED TORTOISE (GEOCHELONE CARBONARIA)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 33(1), 58-61, (1 March 2002). https://doi.org/10.1638/1042-7260(2002)033[0058:IPDICN]2.0.CO;2
Received: 9 October 2001; Published: 1 March 2002
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