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1 December 2008 Effects of Copper Oxide Wire Particle Bolus Therapy on Trichostrongyle Fecal Egg Counts in Exotic Artiodactylids
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Abstract

Four species of artiodactylids (scimitar-horned oryx [Oryx dama]), roan antelope [Hippotragus equinus], blackbuck [Antilope cervicapra]), and blesbok [Damaliscus pygargus phillipsi]) totaling 13 animals were treated with a one-time 12.5-g dose of copper oxide wire particles (COWPs) in a bolus form. Pretreatment, individual trichostrongyle fecal egg counts (FECs) were performed using the McMaster technique. Individual posttreatment FECs were performed every 7 days for 35 days beginning 7 days after bolus administration, and FEC reduction ratios (FECRRs) expressed as percentage reductions from pretreatment values were calculated every 7 days. Mean FECRRs for the 13 animals were 93% ± 16%, 98% ± 7%, 91% ± 28%, 94% ± 16%, and 90% ± 13% at 7, 14, 21, 28, and 35 days posttreatment, respectively. These data demonstrate that COWPs in a bolus form were an effective method for reducing FEC in exotic artiodactylids. Based on this limited data, COWPs show promise as an anthelmintic alternative for exotic artiodactylids in zoologic collections.

Deidre K. Fontenot, Allyson Kinney-Moscona, Ray M. Kaplan, and James Miller "Effects of Copper Oxide Wire Particle Bolus Therapy on Trichostrongyle Fecal Egg Counts in Exotic Artiodactylids," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 39(4), 642-645, (1 December 2008). https://doi.org/10.1638/2007-0069.1
Received: 9 August 2007; Published: 1 December 2008
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