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1 December 2008 Interthalamic Hematoma Secondary to Cerebrovascular Atherosclerosis in an Aged Grizzly Bear (Ursus arctos horribilis) with Primary Cardiac Schwannoma
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Abstract

A 38-year-old intact female Grizzly bear (Ursus arctos horribilis) was evaluated for progressive seizure activity, pale mucous membranes, deficient pupillary light and menace responses, and irregular shallow respiration. Because of poor response to treatment, the animal was euthanized. Gross examination revealed abundant hemorrhage in both lateral ventricles; a large, encapsulated mass within the rostral interthalamic region; and a well-demarcated, round white mass in the apex of the right ventricle. Histologic examination of the interthalamic mass revealed a resolving hematoma composed of stratified layers of fibrin and white blood cells that was surrounded by a thick fibrous capsule. Most meningeal and intraparenchymal blood vessels had multifocal degeneration, fragmentation, and fraying of the internal elastic lamina with prominent intimal proliferations and plaques. The plaques were formed by small numbers of lipid-laden macrophages (foam cells) that were intermixed with occasional lymphocytes and plasma cells. The cardiac mass was composed of pallisading and interlacing spindle cells with parallel nuclei and abundant, pale eosinophilic cytoplasm consistent with a schwannoma.

Andrew David Miller and Sean McDonough "Interthalamic Hematoma Secondary to Cerebrovascular Atherosclerosis in an Aged Grizzly Bear (Ursus arctos horribilis) with Primary Cardiac Schwannoma," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 39(4), 659-662, (1 December 2008). https://doi.org/10.1638/2007-0128.1
Received: 3 October 2007; Published: 1 December 2008
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