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1 December 2010 Debilitating Clinical Disease in a Wild-Born Captive Western Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) Co-Infected with Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) and Simian T-Lymphotropic Virus (STLV)
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Abstract

A wild-born, 34-yr-old female western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) was transferred between zoologic collections in the United Kingdom. Adjustment to its new environment was difficult and a series of health problems ensued. Progressive severe illness of multiple etiologies, and a failure to respond to multiple therapies, led to its euthanasia 5 mo later. Disease processes included severe thoracic and axillary cutaneous ulceration of T2–3 dermatome distribution, gastroenteritis, ulcerative stomatitis, emaciation, hind limb weakness or paresis, and decubitus ulcers of the ankles and elbows. Ante- and postmortem infectious disease screening revealed that this animal was not infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, simian varicella virus (SVV), simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), or hepatitis B virus; but was infected with varicella-zoster virus (VZV) and simian T-lymphotropic virus (STLV). It is hypothesized that recrudescence of VZV and other disease processes described were associated with chronic STLV infection and the end of a characteristically long incubation period.

Nicholas Masters, Henk Niphuis, Ernst Verschoor, Judith Breuer, Mark Quinlivan, Teresa Wawrzynczyk, and Mark Stidworthy "Debilitating Clinical Disease in a Wild-Born Captive Western Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) Co-Infected with Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) and Simian T-Lymphotropic Virus (STLV)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 41(4), 713-716, (1 December 2010). https://doi.org/10.1638/2009-0122.1
Received: 13 January 2010; Published: 1 December 2010
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