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1 June 2012 EVALUATION OF CYCLOOXYGENASE PROTEIN EXPRESSION IN TRAUMATIZED VERSUS NORMAL TISSUES FROM EASTERN BOX TURTLES (TERRAPENE CAROLINA CAROLINA)
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Abstract

This pilot study was designed to determine whether cyclooxygenase (COX)-1, COX-2, or both are expressed in normal turtle tissues and whether level of expression changes when tissue becomes inflamed. Five eastern box turtles, Terrapene carolina carolina, that either died or were euthanatized due to disease or injuries were used for this work. Tissues were obtained from the five turtles. Western blot analysis was used to evaluate tissues for COX-1 and COX-2 proteins. Densiometric analysis was used to compare Western blot bands within each turtle. COX-1 and COX-2 were found in the liver, kidney, grossly normal muscle, and grossly traumatized (inflamed) muscle of all study turtles. In all cases, COX-1 and COX-2 proteins were increased in traumatized muscle over grossly normal nontraumatized muscle. The highest levels of COX-1 and COX-2 proteins were found in kidney and liver. There was no statistical difference between the amount of COX-1 protein in liver and kidney, but traumatized muscle compared with grossly normal muscle had significantly greater COX-1 but not COX 2 protein concentrations. There was no statistical difference between the amount of COX-2 protein in liver and kidney. Traumatized muscle expressed nonstatistically significant greater amounts of COX-2 compared with grossly normal muscle. COX-1 and COX-2 proteins are expressed in turtle tissues, and both isoforms are up-regulated during inflammation of muscle tissue. Traditional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that block both COX isoforms might be more efficacious than COX-2–selective drugs. This work suggests that NSAIDs should be evaluated for potential liver and kidney toxicity in turtles.

American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Lillian W Royal, B. Duncan X Lascelles, Gregory A Lewbart, Maria T Correa, and Samuel L Jones "EVALUATION OF CYCLOOXYGENASE PROTEIN EXPRESSION IN TRAUMATIZED VERSUS NORMAL TISSUES FROM EASTERN BOX TURTLES (TERRAPENE CAROLINA CAROLINA)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 43(2), 289-295, (1 June 2012). https://doi.org/10.1638/2011-0154.1
Received: 9 July 2011; Published: 1 June 2012
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