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20 September 2012 ULTRASONOGRAPHIC ABDOMINAL ANATOMY OF HEALTHY CAPTIVE CARACALS (CARACAL CARACAL)
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Abstract

Abdominal ultrasonography was performed in six adult captive caracals (Caracal caracal) to describe the normal abdominal ultrasonographic anatomy. Consistently, the splenic parenchyma was hyperechoic to the liver and kidneys. The relative echogenicity of the right kidney's cortex was inconsistent to the liver. The gall bladder was prominent in five animals and surrounded by a clearly visualized thin, smooth, regular echogenic wall. The wall thickness of the duodenum measured significantly greater compared with that of the jejunum and colon. The duodenum had a significantly thicker mucosal layer compared with that of the stomach. Such knowledge of the normal abdominal ultrasonographic anatomy of individual species is important for accurate diagnosis and interpretation of routine health examinations.

American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Modesta Makungu, Wencke M. du Plessis, Michelle Barrows, Katja N. Koeppel, and Hermanus B. Groenewald "ULTRASONOGRAPHIC ABDOMINAL ANATOMY OF HEALTHY CAPTIVE CARACALS (CARACAL CARACAL)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 43(3), 522-529, (20 September 2012). https://doi.org/10.1638/2011-0255R1.1
Received: 16 November 2011; Published: 20 September 2012
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