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20 September 2012 HYSTEROSCOPY AND EPISIOTOMY IN A RESCUED, COLD-STRESSED FLORIDA MANATEE (TRICHECHUS MANATUS LATIROSTRIS) FOR DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF A RETAINED FETAL SKELETON
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Abstract

A rescued female manatee was observed expelling a fetal bone from the vulva. The manatee was anesthetized and diagnosed with uterine retention of a fetal skeleton by ultrasound and hysteroscopy. Episiotomy was performed to gain manual access to the vagina and uterus for removal of the skeleton. Second intention healing of the episiotomy site produced excellent results. Rescued female manatees should receive a thorough reproductive tract evaluation since presence of retained fetal tissues might not be evident in blood or hormone analyses. Retention of a whole or partial dead fetus can be life-threatening to manatees, and retained tissues should be removed as early as possible.

American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Natalie H. Hall, Mike Walsh, Catherine DeLuca, and Alex Bukoski "HYSTEROSCOPY AND EPISIOTOMY IN A RESCUED, COLD-STRESSED FLORIDA MANATEE (TRICHECHUS MANATUS LATIROSTRIS) FOR DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF A RETAINED FETAL SKELETON," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 43(3), 670-673, (20 September 2012). https://doi.org/10.1638/2011-0282R1.1
Received: 24 December 2011; Published: 20 September 2012
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