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1 March 2013 MANAGEMENT OF SEVERE RESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASE CAUSED BY HUMAN RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS AND STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE IN CAPTIVE CHIMPANZEES (PAN TROGLODYTES)
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Abstract

Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) are susceptible to many viral and bacterial pathogens of human origin. This case series reports an acute outbreak of respiratory disease due to human respiratory syncytial virus and Streptococcus pneumoniae in a single group of 30 captive chimpanzees. Both pathogens are potentially zoonotic. The diagnosis was made antemortem and enabled a targeted response to the outbreak; but it more importantly, prompted improvements to the disease surveillance, biosecurity for risk mitigation and risk communication protocols within the zoo. A defined zoonotic disease risk communication pathway provides a model for management and compliance requirements for other collections.

American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Steve Unwin, James Chatterton, and Julian Chantrey "MANAGEMENT OF SEVERE RESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASE CAUSED BY HUMAN RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS AND STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE IN CAPTIVE CHIMPANZEES (PAN TROGLODYTES)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 44(1), 105-115, (1 March 2013). https://doi.org/10.1638/1042-7260-44.1.105
Received: 17 October 2012; Published: 1 March 2013
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