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1 March 2013 DELAYED POSTPARTUM FETOTOMY IN AN ASIAN ELEPHANT (ELEPHAS MAXIMUS)
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Abstract

A 37-yr-old Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) started parturition after 640 days of pregnancy but no fetal parts entered the birth canal. Despite veterinary intervention, the calf was not delivered. After 13 mo calving resumed and a full-term dead calf advanced into and lodged within the vagina. With standing xylazine tranquilization, the dam received a vagino-vestibulotomy to permit total fetotomy of the calf, which presented with bilateral carpal arthrogryposis. Severe infection of the caudal vaginal vestibulum complicated wound healing, and over the following year two corrective surgeries were performed, which resolved the fistula 3 mo after the second debridement. The elephant not only survived the procedures but also resumed normal estrous cycles, as demonstrated by blood progesterone concentration monitoring.

American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Willem Schaftenaar "DELAYED POSTPARTUM FETOTOMY IN AN ASIAN ELEPHANT (ELEPHAS MAXIMUS)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 44(1), 130-135, (1 March 2013). https://doi.org/10.1638/1042-7260-44.1.130
Received: 3 July 2012; Published: 1 March 2013
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