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1 March 2013 CHLAMYDOPHILA PSITTACI INFECTIONS IN HYACINTH MACAWS (ANODORHYNCHUS HYACINTHINUS) CONFISCATED IN BRAZIL
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Abstract

The hyacinth macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus) is the largest species of psittacine birds. It is considered endangered and illegal trade is one of the main factors involved in its decline. In this study, 26 hyacinth macaws maintained under poor husbandry conditions and destined for the illegal trade were confiscated in São Paulo State, Brazil. These birds were evaluated for the presence of antibodies against Chlamydophila psittaci by complement fixation test and C. psittaci DNA by seminested polymerase chain reaction. Results showed that 65.4% of the macaws were positive for at least one test. Birds with subclinical infections can shed chlamydiae intermittently over long periods, contributing to the dissemination of the agent. Global trade is one of the most important drivers of disease emergence. The high percentage of positive samples in this study emphasizes the potential risk that the illegal trade of wild birds represents for both human and animal health.

American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Tânia Freitas Raso, Rodrigo Hidalgo Friciello Teixeira, Adriano Oliveira Torres Carrasco, João Pessoa Araújo Júnior, and Aramis Augusto Pinto "CHLAMYDOPHILA PSITTACI INFECTIONS IN HYACINTH MACAWS (ANODORHYNCHUS HYACINTHINUS) CONFISCATED IN BRAZIL," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 44(1), 169-172, (1 March 2013). https://doi.org/10.1638/1042-7260-44.1.169
Received: 10 May 2011; Published: 1 March 2013
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