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1 June 2013 DIAGNOSIS AND SUCCESSFUL TREATMENT OF A LUNG ABSCESS ASSOCIATED WITH BRUCELLA SPECIES INFECTION IN A BOTTLENOSE DOLPHIN (TURSIOPS TRUNCATUS)
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Abstract

This brief communication describes the clinical presentation, antemortem diagnosis, and successful treatment of a pulmonary abscess associated with a Brucella sp. in a 27-yr-old female bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus). Ultrasound revealed a 3-cm diameter hypoechoic mass deep to the pleural lining in the left lung field. Multiple ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspirates were performed and tested for bacterial and fungal etiology. All cultures were negative, but the infectious agent was identified by MicroSEQ analysis in two samples and confirmed with real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification using known Brucella sp. primers. Amikacin was infused into the abscess and was followed by an oral doxycycline and rifampin protocol. Follow-up diagnostic imaging, including radiographs and computed tomography, revealed a resolved lesion with minimal mineralization within the affected lung fields. Brucellosis should be considered for pulmonary disease in dolphins, and personnel who interact with marine animals should use caution to prevent zoonotic brucellosis.

American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Stephen E. Cassle, Eric D. Jensen, Cynthia R. Smith, Jennifer M. Meegan, Shawn P. Johnson, Betsy Lutmerding, Sam H. Ridgway, and Ruth Francis-Floyd "DIAGNOSIS AND SUCCESSFUL TREATMENT OF A LUNG ABSCESS ASSOCIATED WITH BRUCELLA SPECIES INFECTION IN A BOTTLENOSE DOLPHIN (TURSIOPS TRUNCATUS)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 44(2), 495-499, (1 June 2013). https://doi.org/10.1638/2012-0195R.1
Received: 24 August 2012; Published: 1 June 2013
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