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1 December 2013 CONTRACEPTION HAS GONE TO THE COYOTES (CANIS LATRANS)
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Abstract

Coyotes (Canis latrans) are predators of livestock. Current management programs, primarily lethal control, are ineffective for long-term management of predation. Controlling reproduction of coyotes may reduce depredations if territory fidelity is maintained by breeding pairs. Surgical sterilization is successful in altering predatory behaviors of coyotes but may provide a challenge for field implementation. An alternative approach is the development of a one-time non-transferable chemical contraceptive. This research is investigating the efficacy of a single high dose treatment of a sustained release gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist, deslorelin, on coyotes as a long term contraceptive. Male coyotes were administered 47 mg deslorelin subcutaneously. Preliminary data show full suppression of the reproductive axis for over 12 mo as indicated by complete absence of sperm.

Copyright 2013 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Marjorie J. MacGregor, Elsey G. Perkins, Cheryl Asa, and Donal C. Skinner "CONTRACEPTION HAS GONE TO THE COYOTES (CANIS LATRANS)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 44(4s), (1 December 2013). https://doi.org/10.1638/1042-7260-44.4S.4
Received: 30 September 2012; Published: 1 December 2013
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