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1 September 2014 SCHISTOSOMUS REFLEXUS–LIKE MALFORMATION IN A SOUTHERN WHITE RHINOCEROS (CERATOTHERIUM SIMUM SIMUM)
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Abstract

A 7.5-yr-old female southern white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum simum) aborted spontaneously at approximately 13 mo gestation. The fetus exhibited malformations consistent with schistosomus reflexus syndrome, including spinal inversion and ventral midline abdominal defect with externalization of abdominal viscera. A computed tomography was performed and revealed severe scoliosis, a spiral rotation of the spine, multiple vertebral anomalies, hypoplasia of multiple bones of the skull, and mild prognathism. This is the first report of schistosomus reflexus–like syndrome in a nondomestic species, and the first report to characterize these skeletal changes by three-dimensional computed tomography.

American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Julia S. Lankton, Daniel J. VanderHart, and Scott P. Terrell "SCHISTOSOMUS REFLEXUS–LIKE MALFORMATION IN A SOUTHERN WHITE RHINOCEROS (CERATOTHERIUM SIMUM SIMUM)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 45(3), 708-711, (1 September 2014). https://doi.org/10.1638/2013-0272R1.1
Received: 18 November 2013; Published: 1 September 2014
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