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1 December 2014 PRESENCE AND PREVALENCE OF BATRACHOCHYTRIUM DENDROBATIDIS IN COMMERCIAL AMPHIBIANS IN MEXICO CITY
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Abstract

In México City, native and exotic amphibians are commonly sold through the pet trade. This study investigates the presence of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) in native amphibians being sold at two commercial markets and at a herpetarium in Mexico City. A total of 238 individuals (6 genera and 12 species) were tested for Bd using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis. There were 197 Bd-positive individuals (prevalence 82%) from five species of amphibians. Hyla eximia from the markets had very high Bd prevalence (100%; 76/76 and 99%; 88/89) but those from the herpetarium were Bd negative (0/12). Ambystoma mexicanum from the herpetarium also had a high Bd-positive prevalence (80%; 28/35). Though A. mexicanum is nearly extinct in the wild, a commercial market continues to flourish through the pet trade. Now that captive colonies of A. mexicanum are currently used for reintroduction programs, the authors recommend quarantine to reduce spread of Bd via movement of infected animals in the trade and between colonies and via disposal of wastewater from captive collections.

Copyright 2014 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Miguel Angel Galindo-Bustos, Dulce María Brousset Hernandez-Jauregui, Tina Cheng, Vance Vredenburg, and Gabriela Parra-Olea "PRESENCE AND PREVALENCE OF BATRACHOCHYTRIUM DENDROBATIDIS IN COMMERCIAL AMPHIBIANS IN MEXICO CITY," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 45(4), 830-835, (1 December 2014). https://doi.org/10.1638/2014-0023.1
Received: 30 January 2014; Published: 1 December 2014
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