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1 March 2015 ANESTHETIC MANAGEMENT OF A 4-MONTH-OLD RED FOX (VULPES VULPES) FOR ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY
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Abstract

A 4-mo-old red fox (Vulpes vulpes) was found recumbent after a vehicular accident. Radiology revealed several limb fractures and the fox underwent surgery after 24 hr of initial stabilization. Premedication consisted of dexmedetomidine and morphine. Anesthesia was induced with ketamine and midazolam and maintained with isoflurane. Lidocaine, bupivacaine, and morphine were administered epidurally and further analgesia was provided with meloxicam. The heart rate and respiratory rate of the fox remained stable during surgery and, except for a mild hypothermia, the recovery from anesthesia was uneventful. The postoperative pain scores were low and the animal was transported to a rehabilitation facility and eventually released to the wild. The low pain scores postoperatively should be attributed to the successful application of epidural anesthesia and analgesia.

American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Tilemahos Anagnostou, Eugenia Flouraki, Charalampos Kostakis, Anastasia Komnenou, Nikitas Prassinos, and Dimitrios Raptopoulos "ANESTHETIC MANAGEMENT OF A 4-MONTH-OLD RED FOX (VULPES VULPES) FOR ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 46(1), 155-157, (1 March 2015). https://doi.org/10.1638/2014-75R1.1
Published: 1 March 2015
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