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1 September 2016 DETECTION OF COXIELLA BURNETII INFECTION IN A SAHARAWI DORCAS GAZELLE (GAZELLA DORCAS NEGLECTA)
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Abstract

Coxiella burnetii, the causative agent of Q fever, can infect a wide range of host species, but limited information exists on the occurrence and implications of infection in wild species. This study describes a natural infection in a population of dorcas gazelles (Gazella dorcas) from a zoo. A 9-yr-old male Saharawi dorcas gazelle (Gazella dorcas neglecta) tested positive on enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and fecal polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Despite treatment with oxytetracycline, the animal did not clear the infection after 6 mo, as confirmed by a PCR test on a semen sample. This is the first report of a Saharawi dorcas gazelle infection with C. burnetii and the first time that C. burnetii was detected in semen from a zoo animal, suggesting the possibility of venereal transmission in captive wild species. This may have major implications for management of zoo populations, particularly in endangered species.

Copyright 2016 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Teresa García-Seco, Marta Pérez-Sancho, Eva Martínez-Nevado, Julio Álvarez, Julián Santiago-Moreno, Joaquín Goyache, Lucas Domínguez, and Nerea García "DETECTION OF COXIELLA BURNETII INFECTION IN A SAHARAWI DORCAS GAZELLE (GAZELLA DORCAS NEGLECTA)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 47(3), 939-941, (1 September 2016). https://doi.org/10.1638/2015-0068.1
Received: 23 March 2015; Published: 1 September 2016
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