The objective of this study was to determine some of the most important bionomic parameters related to the capacity of transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi and to estimate the potential transmission capacity and role of 3 groups of recent colonized Mexican Triatoma barberi, T. rubida sonoriana, and Meccus (formerly Triatoma) mazzottii in the prevalence of Chagas disease cases based on the distribution area of each species. Among the studied Triatominae species, the life cycle was shorter in T. r. sonoriana and longer in T. barberi, by as much as 4 times. The 1st and 5th instars had the highest rates of mortality in most of the studied species. Statistically significant shorter duration of feeding of instars was observed for T. r. sonoriana and longer duration was found for M. mazzottii when the species were compared. The mean number of blood meals per nymphal stadium was statistically greater in T. barberi than in T. r. sonoriana and M. mazzottii. Triatoma r. sonoriana and M. mazzotti had shorter defecation delay than in T. barberi and the delay was uniform in all instars. Most of the studied parameters showed that T. r. sonoriana and M. mazzotti could have an important potential role in the prevalence of Chagas disease cases where these species are commonly found.
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Vol. 21 • No. 3