Spring acaricide applications directed against nymphal Ixodes scapularis have been shown to be effective, but are perceived by the public as having significant adverse environmental impacts, particularly against nontarget organisms. Targeting the adult stage of I. scapularis in the fall would hypothetically result in indirect control of subsequent subadult stages while avoiding other arthropods that are typically inactive during this period. We demonstrate that single fall applications of deltamethrin for 3 consecutive years immediately reduced fall questing adults, while also rapidly reducing the abundance of all postembryonic stages. Deltamethrin applied to the shrub-layer vegetation resulted in levels of control between 97.1% and 100% at 7 days postapplication. Repeated applications against the reproductive stage of I. scapularis progressively reduced the abundance of larvae and nymphs in treated plots, reaching 91.4% and 100% by the conclusion of the study.
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Vol. 24 • No. 4