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1 September 2014 Blood Meal Identification and Feeding Habits of Uranotaenia Species Collected in the Ryukyu Archipelago
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Abstract

To know the blood meal in the stomach of Uranotaenia species, blood-fed mosquitoes were collected by 4 methods at different sites in the mountain forest of 3 islands, Amamioshima, Okinawajima, and Iriomotejima in the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan from 2005 to 2012. One hundred twenty-four blood-fed Uranotaenia mosquitoes of 7 species (Ur. jacksoni, nivipleura, ohamai, yaeyamana, annandalei, lateralis, and macfarlanei) were collected. The collection rates are 0.26, 0.6, 0.31, and 0.66 by black light trap, black light blue with dry ice trap, frog call trap, and sweeping net, respectively. The blood meals of 107 females (86.3%) were successfully identified by a polymerase chain reaction–based method. All Uranotaenia species fed on cold-blooded animals, especially amphibians (99.1%), and notably on frogs. They would feed readily on available frogs in a given region having no close connection with the breeding (calling) season of each frog. They also fed on reptiles (0.9%), but not on warm-blooded animals.

2014 by The American Mosquito Control Association, Inc.
Takako Toma, Ichiro Miyagi, and Mikako Tamashiro "Blood Meal Identification and Feeding Habits of Uranotaenia Species Collected in the Ryukyu Archipelago," Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 30(3), (1 September 2014). https://doi.org/10.2987/14-6398R.1
Published: 1 September 2014
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