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1 March 2016 Biology of Anopheles saperoi, an Endemic Species in Okinawajima, the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan
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Abstract

Biological studies of Anopheles saperoi were conducted using larval and adult mosquito collections in the northern part of Okinawajima of the Ryukyu Archipelago from June 2009 to July 2010. Anopheles saperoi was the most collected species in the northern Okinawajima, except Motobu Peninsula, where it was not collected. The southern distribution of An. saperoi was Sugita Stream, Nago City. Anopheles saperoi was collected throughout the year with reproduction (gonotrophic cycle) observed year-round. Immature densities varied for Hinna and Yona streams, and were negatively affected by precipitation patterns. Human attraction activity of females varied for by study area and collection time and was positively affected by temperature, but negatively by heavy rainfall. The greatest female human attraction activity was observed during 3:00–5:00 p.m., with peak at twilight. Parity rates varied from 23.1% to 83.3% throughout the year.

Copyright © 2016 by The American Mosquito Control Association, Inc.
Kosuke Mannen, Takako Toma, Noboru Minakawa, Yukiko Higa, and Ichiro Miyagi "Biology of Anopheles saperoi, an Endemic Species in Okinawajima, the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan," Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 32(1), 12-23, (1 March 2016). https://doi.org/10.2987/8756-971X-32.1.12
Published: 1 March 2016
JOURNAL ARTICLE
12 PAGES

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