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1 December 2017 Effectiveness of Five Products To Control Culex pipiens Larvae In Urban Stormwater Catch Basins
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Abstract
Effectiveness in controlling mosquito larvae in stormwater catch basins in the North Shore Mosquito Abatement District (northeastern Cook County, IL) was determined for 2 extended-duration larvicides indicating up to 180 days of control on their labels (Natular™ XRT, FourStar® Briquet) and 3 larvicides indicating up to 30 days of control (Natular™ T30, Natular™ G30, and VectoLex® FG). Over the course of the 26-wk study, catch basins receiving the extended-release products were treated twice (an initial treatment in early April followed by a re-treatment after 16 wk), and catch basins receiving the shorter-duration products were treated every 28 days, with the 1st treatment occurring during the 1st week in April. Control in an individual catch basin was considered to have failed if late-stage larvae or pupae were found in 2-dip samples taken from the catch basin. Control for a treatment was considered to have failed if >25% of catch basins treated with the product failed at a given time period posttreatment. All of the products evaluated in the study demonstrated some degree of control; however, the Natular XRT–, FourStar Briquet–, and Natular T30–treated basins rarely achieved the effectiveness threshold of ≤25% of catch basins failing. By comparison, basins treated with Natular G30 were below that threshold for 3 of 4 wk every treatment round and VectoLex® FG was consistently below that threshold for all 4 wk posttreatment for every treatment round. Compared with untreated catch basins, the total season pupal production was reduced by approximately 48% in the Natular XRT–, FourStar Briquet–, and Natular T30–treated basins, and by 87% and 99% in the Natular G30– and VectoLex FG–treated basins, respectively. Operational quality control observations indicated that effective control (i.e., ≤25% of catch basins failing) ranged from 3 to 12 wk posttreatment for catch basins treated with Natular XRT and from 5 to 9 wk with VectoLex FG, and that there was considerable geographic variation in the duration of effectiveness. The results indicate that 30-day re-treatments with granular formulations in difficult-to-control areas may provide a more cost-effective outcome than using 1 or 2 applications of extended-duration larvicides.
Copyright © 2017 by The American Mosquito Control Association, Inc.
Roger S. Nasci, Amy B. Runde, Marlon Henry and Justin E. Harbison "Effectiveness of Five Products To Control Culex pipiens Larvae In Urban Stormwater Catch Basins," Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 33(4), (1 December 2017). https://doi.org/10.2987/17-6686.1
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