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1 June 2008 Natural Enemies and Life Cycle of The Orchid Bee Eufriesea Smaragdina (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Reared from Trap Nests
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Abstract

Life history of Eufriesea smaragdina (Perty, 1833) (Euglossina) was studied with trap nests. Over 4 yr bamboo canes and wooden blocks were placed in trees in secondary Atlantic forest on Santa Catarina Island and restinga forest on the adjacent mainland in Santa Catarina, southern Brazil. Forty-one brood cells were obtained in 14 nests and 23 Ef. smaragdina imagines emerged in November and December suggesting a univoltine life cycle for these bees. One cleptoparasitic orchid bee, Exaerete dentata, and a meloid beetle, Tetraonyx sp., were also reared from the nests. Their emergence fitted into the schedule of Ef. smaragdina suggesting a close adaptation to this host.

Rafael Kamke, Anne Zillikens, Sabine Heinle, and Josefina Steiner "Natural Enemies and Life Cycle of The Orchid Bee Eufriesea Smaragdina (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Reared from Trap Nests," Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 81(2), (1 June 2008). https://doi.org/10.2317/JKES-703.26.1
Accepted: 1 October 2007; Published: 1 June 2008
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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