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1 November 2016 Differences in Sculpture and Size of Pollen Grains: New Morphological Evidence of Diversification in Pelliciera rhizophorae, an Ancient Neotropical Mangrove Species
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Abstract

The present study shows new evidence of morphological traits that supports the hypothesis of diversification between two genetic variants of Pelliciera rhizophorae (Tetrameristaceae), the most ancient species in the Neotropical mangrove ecosystem. Previous studies using molecular markers identified two variants of this species. Our new study, using pollen grain morphology, revealed differences in pollen sculpture between the two variants; that is, in Variant A the exine is characterised as perforate—verrucose, while in Variant B, it is punctuate. Pollen size in Variant A is larger than in Variant B, whereas the exine is thicker in Variant B than in Variant A. The differences in pollen morphology between the two variants represent new evidence suggesting that a diversification process might be occurring within P. rhizophorae, possibly due to adaptive processes in response to environmental conditions or pollination vectors.

© 2015 AASP — The Palynological Society
María Fernanda Castillo-Cárdenas, Oris Sanjur, and Nelson Toro-Perea "Differences in Sculpture and Size of Pollen Grains: New Morphological Evidence of Diversification in Pelliciera rhizophorae, an Ancient Neotropical Mangrove Species," Palynology 40(3), 302-307, (1 November 2016). https://doi.org/10.1080/01916122.2015.1045050
Published: 1 November 2016
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