Photoinactivation of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) in stroma-free hemoglobin (SFH) was carried out using methylene blue (MB) or 1,9-dimethylmethylene blue (DMMB). The VSV was more sensitive to inactivation by 660 nm light with 1 μM DMMB than with the same concentration of MB. Under conditions that inactivated 6 log10 of VSV, the methemoglobin content (Met-Hb[%]) and P50 of hemoglobin were changed by 1 μM MB phototreatment but were not changed by 1 μM DMMB phototreatment. The migration of hemoglobin during electophoresis and the activity of superoxide dismutase were not changed by MB or DMMB phototreatment. In contrast to the results obtained with DMMB at 660 nm, 580 nm irradiation of SFH with DMMB resulted in a significant increase of Met-Hb(%) under conditions that only inactivated 1.19 log10 VSV. The 580 nm irradiation primarily activates the dimer and higher-order aggregates of the dyes, while 660 nm irradiation primarily activates the monomer. These results indicate that the monomer form of DMMB can effectively inactivate viruses without damage to SFH.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 71 • No. 1