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6 June 2019 Bryconops rheorubrum (Characiformes: Iguanodectidae), new species from the Rio Xingu Rapids, Brazil
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Abstract

A new species of Bryconops is described from the rio Xingu Basin, Brazil, that differs from all congeners by the following combination of characters: predorsal scales 8–9, perforated scales in the lateral line 43–45, and pigmentation pattern composed of wide silvery midlateral band on body, hyaline dorsal and anal fins (in alcohol), and dark blotch on distal half of dorsal caudal-fin lobe. The new species shares with members of the subgenus Bryconops maxillary relatively short, edentulous or with one conical tooth, and gill rakers without ossified denticles. The middle and lower Xingu support a remarkable diversity of Bryconops composed of at least nine species-level taxa; comments on their local distributions and habitats are provided, as well as a key to their identification.

©2019 by the Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University
Cárlison Silva-Oliveira, Mark Henry Sabaj, Rafaela Priscila Ota, and Lúcia H. Rapp Py-Daniel "Bryconops rheorubrum (Characiformes: Iguanodectidae), new species from the Rio Xingu Rapids, Brazil," Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 166(1), 1-21, (6 June 2019). https://doi.org/10.1635/053.166.0115
Received: 6 May 2019; Accepted: 29 May 2019; Published: 6 June 2019
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