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1 April 2009 Adult Diptera from Ozark Caves
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Abstract

The Diptera fauna of Ozark caves is fairly typical of that found elsewhere in the United States east of the Great Plains. The sphaerocerid Spelobia tenebrarum is the only troglobitic dipteran found in Ozark caves. Probable troglophiles include the mycetophilid Macrocera nobilis, the psychodids Psychoda spp., and the phorid Megaselia cavernicola. The tipulids commonly found in Ozark caves, such as Dactylolabis montana, Dolichopeza spp. and Limonia spp. are probably all trogloxenes, as are the Trichoceridae and Heleomyzidae. The mycetophilids, Exechiopsis umbratica and Rymosia sp., and the culicids are among the most common cave dipterans in the study area. The culicids overwinter in caves and other protected places; they are properly classified as trogloxenes. The main sources of food for cave Diptera are other insects, carrion, guano, and allochthanous plant debris.

Jeffrey K. Barnes, Michael E. Slay, and Steven J. Taylor "Adult Diptera from Ozark Caves," Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 111(2), 335-353, (1 April 2009). https://doi.org/10.4289/0013-8797-111.2.335
Published: 1 April 2009
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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