Lim, S., Yoon, H., Ryu, S., Jung, J., Lee, M. and Kim, D. A Comparative Evaluation of Radiation-Induced DNA Damage using Real-Time PCR: Influence of Base Composition. Radiat. Res. 165, 430–437 (2006).
To study the radiosensitivity of DNA segments at the open reading frame (gene) level, real-time PCR was used to analyze DNA damages induced by ionizing radiation. After irradiation (1, 3 and 5 kGy) of genomic DNA purified from Salmonella typhimurium, real-time PCR based on SYBR Green fluorescence and melting temperature was performed using various primer sets targeting the rfbJ, rfaJ, rfaB, hilD, ssrB, pipB, sopD, pduQ, eutG, oadB, ccmB and ccmA genes. The ccmA and ccmB genes, which existed as two copies on the chromosome and had a high GC content (∼70%), showed much lower radiosensitivities than the other genes tested, particularly at 5 kGy; this distinctive feature was seen only when the genes were located on the chromosome, regardless of copy number. Our results reinforce the concept that gene sensitivity to ionizing radiation depends on the base composition and/or the spatial localization of the gene on the chromosome.