Nasta, F., Prisco, M. G., Pinto, R., Lovisolo, G. A., Marino, C. and Pioli, C. Effects of GSM-Modulated Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields on B-Cell Peripheral Differentiation and Antibody Production. Radiat. Res. 165, 664–670 (2006).
We examined the effects of in vivo exposure to a GSM-modulated 900 MHz RF field on B-cell peripheral differentiation and antibody production in mice. Our results show that exposure to a whole-body average specific absorption rate (SAR) of 2 W/kg, 2 h/day for 4 consecutive weeks does not affect the frequencies of differentiating transitional 1 (T1) and T2 B cells or those of mature follicular B and marginal zone B cells in the spleen. IgM and IgG serum levels are also not significantly different among exposed, sham-exposed and control mice. B cells from these mice, challenged in vitro with LPS, produce comparable amounts of IgM and IgG. Moreover, exposure of immunized mice to RF fields does not change the antigen-specific antibody serum level. Interestingly, not only the production of antigen-specific IgM but also that of IgG (which requires T-B-cell interaction) is not affected by RF-field exposure. This indicates that the exposure does not alter an ongoing in vivo antigen-specific immune response. In conclusion, our results do not indicate any effects of GSM-modulated RF radiation on the B-cell peripheral compartment and antibody production and thus provide no support for health-threatening effects.