Mokrini, R., Trouillas, P., Kaouadji, M., Champavier, Y., Houée-Lévin, C., Calliste, C. A. and Duroux, J. L. Radiolytic Transformation of 2,2′,4′-Trihydroxychalcone. Radiat. Res. 165, 730–740 (2006).
Radiolysis of 2,2′,4′-trihydroxychalcone, a natural antioxidant present in fruit and vegetables, was performed in ethanol in the absence or in the presence of dioxygen. The degradation process of chalcone was followed in deaerated solution by HPLC, NMR, FAB-LSIMS mass spectroscopy and analytical TLC. Under anaerobic conditions, six new products (three couples of diastereoisomers) were identified. Four of them kept the chalcone skeleton with OCH2CH3, CH(OH)CH3 and H substitutions on Cα and Cβ. Thus the target was the α-β double bond on which ethanol radicals were added. The two other compounds were formed in a second stage and exhibited a cyclization between the substituent on Cβ and the carbonyl group. In the presence of dioxygen, these reactions were prevented and chalcone was protected. This study was the first step toward understanding of the behavior chalcone in irradiated fruits and vegetables.