Degteva, M. O., Vorobiova, M. I., Tolstykh, E. I., Shagina, N. B., Shishkina, E. A., Anspaugh, L. R., Napier, B. A., Bougrov, N. G., Shved, V. A. and Tokareva, E. E. Development of an Improved Dose Reconstruction System for the Techa River Population Affected by the Operation of the Mayak Production Association. Radiat. Res. 166, 255–270 (2006).
The Techa River Dosimetry System (TRDS) has been developed to provide estimates of dose received by approximately 30,000 members of the Extended Techa River Cohort (ETRC). Members of the ETRC were exposed beginning in 1949 to significant levels of external and internal (mainly from 90Sr) dose but at low to moderate dose rates. Members of this cohort are being studied in an effort to test the hypothesis that exposure at low to moderate dose rates has the same ability to produce stochastic health effects as exposure at high dose rates. The current version of the TRDS is known as TRDS-2000 and is the subject of this paper. The estimated doses from 90Sr are supported strongly by ∼30,000 measurements made with a tooth β-particle counter, measurements of bones collected at autopsy, and ∼38,000 measurements made with a special whole-body counter that detects the bremsstrahlung from 90Y. The median doses to the red bone marrow and the bone surface are 0.21 and 0.37 Gy, respectively. The maximum doses to the red bone marrow and bone surface are 2.0 and 5.2 Gy, respectively. Distributions of dose to other organs are provided and are lower than the values given above. Directions for future work are discussed.