Qutob, S. S., Multani, A. S., Pathak, S., McNamee, J. P., Bellier, P. V., Liu, Q. Y. and Ng, C. E. Fractionated X-Radiation Treatment can Elicit an Inducible-Like Radioprotective Response that is not Dependent on the Intrinsic Cellular X-Radiation Resistance/Sensitivity. Radiat. Res. 166, 590–599 (2006).
Inducible responses are well documented to play a role in the radiation response of cells. However, it is not known whether clinically relevant fractionated X-radiation treatment could elicit an inducible-like radioprotective response and whether there is a direct correlation between the inducible radiation response phenomenon and the intrinsic radiation response of the cell. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine whether closely related human colorectal tumor (HCT116) clones treated with fractionated X rays could elicit an inducible-like radiation response to a subsequent acute (i.e. single) X-ray challenge, and whether the magnitude of the inducible-like response correlates with the intrinsic X-ray resistance of the responding clones. After fractionated X irradiation, only the radiosensitive clone showed enhanced clonogenic survival with a subsequent acute X-ray exposure. Cell cycle changes or the selection of subclones with increased intrinsic radiation resistance induced by the fractionated X rays were excluded as the basis of this enhanced tolerance, suggesting the presence of an inducible-like radioprotective response. Using the comet assay, we found similar amounts of intrinsic DNA damage among the clones after acute X irradiation. Our findings demonstrate that fractionated X-ray treatment can elicit an inducible-like radioprotective response and represent the first evidence that this response is independent of the intrinsic radiation resistance/sensitivity of the responding cells.