Elmroth, K. and Stenerlöw, B. Influence of Chromatin Structure on Induction of Double-Strand Breaks in Mammalian Cells Irradiated with DNA-Incorporated 125I. Radiat. Res. 168, 175–182 (2007).
In this study the induction of double-strand breaks (DSBs) was investigated in Chinese hamster V79-379A cells irradiated with the Auger-electron emitter 125I incorporated into DNA. The role of chromatin organization was studied by pulse-labeling synchronized cells with 125IdU before decay accumulation in early or late S phase. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and fragment-size analysis were used to quantify the distribution of DNA fragments in irradiated intact cells and naked DNA as well as in DNA from asynchronously labeled cultures in a different scavenging environment. The results show that in intact cells, after accumulation of decays at −70°C in the presence of 10% DMSO, almost four times more DSBs were induced in late S phase compared with early S phase and the fragment distribution was clearly non-random with an excess of fragments <0.2 Mbp. The DSB yield was 0.6 DSB/cell and decay for cells irradiated in early S phase and 2.3 DSBs/cell and decay for cells irradiated in late S phase. When similar experiments were performed on naked genomic DNA or intact cells irradiated with γ rays, the difference in yield was not as prominent. These data imply a role of chromatin organization in the induction of DSBs by DNA-incorporated 125I. In summary, the results presented here suggest that the yield of DSBs as well as the fragment distribution induced by 125IdU decay may vary significantly depending on the chromatin organization during S phase and the labeling procedure used.