The treatment of cancer using targeted radionuclide therapy is of interest to nuclear medicine and radiation oncology because of its potential for killing tumor cells while minimizing dose-limiting toxicities to normal tissue. The ionizing radiations emitted by radiopharmaceuticals deliver radiation absorbed doses over protracted periods of time with continuously varying dose rates. As targeted radionuclide therapy becomes a more prominent part of cancer therapy, accurate models for estimating the biologically effective dose (BED) or equieffective dose (EQD2α/β) will become essential for treatment planning. This study examines the radiobiological impact of the dose rate increase half-time during the uptake phase of the radiopharmaceutical. MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells and V79 Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts were irradiated chronically with 662 keV γ rays delivered with time-varying dose rates that are clinically relevant. The temporal dose-rate patterns were: 1. acute, 2. exponential decrease with a half-time of 64 h (Td = 64 h), 3. initial exponential increase to a maximum (half time Ti = 2, 8 or 24 h) followed by exponential decrease (Td = 64 h). Cell survival assays were conducted and surviving fractions were determined. There was a marked reduction in biological effect when Ti was increased. Cell survival data were tested against existing dose-response models to assess their capacity to predict response. Currently accepted models that are used in radiation oncology overestimated BED and EQD2α/β at low-dose rates and underestimated them at high-dose rates. This appears to be caused by an adaptive response arising as a consequence of the initial low-dose-rate phase of exposure. An adaptive response function was derived that yields more accurate BED and EQD2α/β values over the spectrum of dose rates and absorbed doses delivered. Our experimental data demonstrate a marked increase in cell survival when the dose-rate-increase half-time is increased, thereby suggesting an adaptive response arising as a consequence of this phase of exposure. We have modified conventional radiobiological models used in the clinic for brachytherapy and external beams of radiation to account for this phenomenon and facilitate their use for treatment planning in targeted radionuclide therapy.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 188 • No. 2