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1 July 2015 Restoration of Native Plants is Reduced by Rodent-Caused Soil Disturbance and Seed Removal
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Granivory and soil disturbance are two modes by which burrowing rodents may limit the success of native plant restoration in rangelands. This guild of animals has prolific effects on plant community composition and structure, yet surprisingly little research has quantified the impact of rodents on plant restoration efforts. In this study, we examined the effects of seed removal and soil disturbance by the giant kangaroo rat (Dipodomys ingens) on native plant restoration in a California rangeland. Using experimental exclosures and stratifying restoration plots on and off rodent-disturbed soil, we assessed the individual and combined effects of seed removal and soil disturbance on seedling establishment of four native plant species. Across all species, biotic soil disturbance by kangaroo rats reduced seedling establishment by 19.5% (range = 1–43%), whereas seed removal reduced seedling establishment by only 6.7% (range = 4–12%). Rates of seed removal across species weakly paralleled kangaroo rat dietary preferences. These results indicate the indirect effects of burrowing rodents such as kangaroo rats on native seedling establishment via changes in soil properties may rival or exceed the direct effects of seed removal.

© 2015 Society for Range Management. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Christopher M. Gurney, Laura R. Prugh, and Justin S. Brashares "Restoration of Native Plants is Reduced by Rodent-Caused Soil Disturbance and Seed Removal," Rangeland Ecology and Management 68(4), 359-366, (1 July 2015).
Received: 20 October 2014; Accepted: 1 May 2015; Published: 1 July 2015

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