Triosteum aurantiacum subsp. aurantiacum is a rare plant associated with rich woods and thickets throughout eastern North America. Little is known about the ecology of this species, particularly in Nova Scotia, where it appears to be at the northern edge of its range, and occurs almost exclusively in river floodplains. This study presents a census of T. aurantiacum along three river valleys in Antigonish County, Nova Scotia, from which it was unreported prior to 2008: Pomquet River, West River, and South River. Plant height and number of shoots and fruits per genet were measured. Qualitative measurements were recorded of habitat and surrounding flora where plants were found. Soil pH and Ca contents were measured beside plants and at paired sites outside the floodplains to determine if soil preference could explain the observed plant distribution. Triosteum aurantiacum genets along Pomquet River were the tallest of the three riverside subpopulations, with the most fruiting plants. The West River subpopulation was the smallest and lacked stems < 40 cm tall, indicating poor recruitment at this site. Surprisingly, robust clusters of plants were also found at three upland locations along South River, well out of the floodplain. At all sites, the plants grew best in clearings and light shade in early successional forest, and were never found beneath closed canopy. Malus domestica, Prunus virginiana, Crataegus spp., and especially Fraxinus americana were common overstory trees. Soils were significantly less acid at sites supporting T. aurantiacum than at upland sites where the plant was absent, but there was no consistent difference in Ca concentrations. Impediments to long-distance dispersal or lack of suitable disturbed habitat may account for the absence of the plant from other river valleys in the area.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 114 • No. 960