The pattern of the testicular cycle and spermatogenic activity of the Neotropical yellow-striped snake Lygophis anomalus in Uruguay was investigated. We gathered data on testicular size, seminiferous tubules, and histological samples of preserved specimens. Testis volume and seminiferous tubule diameter did not differ significantly over the year, and individuals with sperm cells were found all year round. Nevertheless, histological observations show individuals in different stages of spermatogenetic cycle within a single month sample. Our results show that, despite their continuous sperm production, males of L. anomalus populations in Uruguay exhibit a seemingly seasonal cycle, as reflected by changes in testicular volume. Reproductive pattern, even if related to evolutionary lineage, is possibly regulated by environmental factors such as low winter temperatures.
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