Recent molecular investigations place Heptacodium as sister to the Lonicera clade, whereas morphology suggests a close relationship with the Linnaea clade s. 1. (former tribe Linnaeeae). Zabelia has always been assumed to be closely related or even congeneric with Abelia. This study presents molecular and morphological data in an attempt to further clarify the systematic positions of Heptacodium and Zabelia as they are key genera to help us understand evolution in Dipsacales. Our molecular analyses strongly support a sister relationship between Heptacodium and the Lonicera clade. Zabelia, however, seems to be closer related to the Morina clade than to any other member of the Linnaea clade s. 1. None of our phylogenetic analyses suggest a close relationship between Abelia and Zabelia. Morphologically, Zabelia's relationship with the Morina clade is only supported by the shared presence of psilate pollen grains with an endocingulum. Fruit and seed morphology strongly indicate a close relationship between Abelia, Heptacodium, and Zabelia. Even though wood anatomy of Zabelia is unique in several aspects, it does not aid in unraveling the systematic position of the genus. In the case of Heptacodium, hybridization is a plausible scenario that could explain the uncertain systematic position of the genus. A better understanding of the intergeneric relationships of the Lonicera and Linnaea s. 1. clades is essential to solve this matter.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.