We investigated the phylogeny of the New World grass Dissanthelium to explore its monophyly, to examine relationships within the genus, and to investigate its relationship with Poa. Molecular phylogenetic analyses including a thorough sampling of Dissanthelium (seventeen of the 20 species) and DNA sequences from the nuclear ribosomal ITS and plastid trnT-trnL-trnF regions suggest that Dissanthelium is not monophyletic and is nested within Poa. However, ten species form a strongly supported clade (the Dissanthelium clade) in the ITS tree. We propose treating Dissanthelium and Tovarochloa as taxonomic synonyms of Poa. We erect two new sections in Poa: sect. Dissanthelium, comprising the Dissanthelium clade and D. peruvianum, and the monotypic sect. Tovarochloa. The necessary new combinations (Poa aequalis, P. amplivaginata, P. calycina var. mathewsii, P. gigantea, P. macusaniensis, P. rahuii, and P. trollii) and new names (Poa sections Dissanthelium and Tovarochloa, P. apiculata, P. arcuata, P. boliviana, P. congesta, P. deminuta, P. linearifolia, P. parvifolia, P. serpaiana, P. swallenii, and P. thomasii) are effected herein.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.