Two new species of Microlicia (Melastomataceae) endemic to campos rupestres from the Espinhaço mountain range in Minas Gerais, Brazil, are described and illustrated, and a discussion on leaf anatomy is also provided. Microlicia cogniauxiana is similar to M. graveolens, M. passerina, and M. tomentella by having an indumentum of stalked glands, pink to pink-magenta petals, and dimorphic stamens with bicolored anthers. It can be distinguished by its leaves with noticeable veins on the adaxial surface, and glandular-ciliate margins. Microlicia naudiniana is similar to M. nervosa, but can be distinguished by its sessile leaves with a conspicuously visible midrib on the abaxial surface and petals with rounded apex and revolute margin. It differs from M. passerina by having a sparser indumentum covering the entire plant.
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