Despite efforts for a complete phylogeny of Cactaceae, generic circumscription and species level relationships remain unsolved. Within Astrophytum one species is assigned to a different genus (Digitostigma) and two are often treated as a single species (A. myriostigma and A. coahuilense). Astrophytum is endemic to the Chihuahuan Desert, but may also be found in adjacent regions. We reconstructed the phylogeny to date the origin of clades and infer the biogeographic patterns of Astrophytum in order to understand the relationships between group members. Three sequences of chloroplast DNA (rbcL gene, trnL-trnF intergenic spacer, and trnK-matK region) were used with Bayesian and Maximum likelihood methods to generate a phylogeny. Divergence times for each node were estimated using an uncorrelated lognormal clock (BEAST) and inferred ancestral distribution using RASP. Astrophytum is monophyletic, with six species grouped in two main clades. Astrophytum caput-medusae (recognized as Digitostigma) is derived within Astrophytum. Individuals of A. myriostigma and A. coahuilense are grouped in independent clades, supporting their recognition as distinct species. Data suggest posterior diversification in the Late Miocene, during a transition to drier climates in North America. Occurrences of Astrophytum species outside of the Chihuahuan Desert are attributable to two recent independent events.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 40 • No. 4