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1 February 2014 Fine-scale Morphological and Genetic Variability of Geomys personatus Subspecies in Southern Coastal Texas
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Abstract

The Texas pocket gopher (Geomys personatus) occurs throughout much of southern coastal Texas. Recent genetic studies clarified phylogenetic relationships within the genus Geomys, but the geographic distribution of lineages of G. personatus in southern Texas remains uncertain. We sampled G. personatus in southern Texas and analyzed cranial morphology and DNA sequence data from the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. Morphology provided weak discriminatory power for the identification of subspecies. Pocket gophers showed high genetic structure in the region, with low levels of haplotype diversity within sites and few shared haplotypes among sites. Phylogenetic analyses revealed Geomys trapped in mainland Nueces County and Flour Bluff clustered with GenBank sequences of G. p. maritimus. Padre Island samples formed a well-defined subcluster, similar to but distinct from G. p. personatus and G. p. megapotamus sequences. Samples from Kleberg County formed a separate clade, consistently outside of G. personatus; Kimura 2 parameter sequence divergence between Kleberg County and G. personatus was >0.12, and Kleberg County samples were more similar to G. texensis (sequence divergence 0.06–0.08). The Kleberg County samples appear to represent a previously undetected cryptic lineage.

2013, American Midland Naturalist
Scott E. Henke, Damon L. Williford, Anna S. Lund, Randy W. DeYoung, Christopher Weinberger, Jeremiah Trantham, and Nancy L. Mitton "Fine-scale Morphological and Genetic Variability of Geomys personatus Subspecies in Southern Coastal Texas," The American Midland Naturalist 171(2), 350-364, (1 February 2014). https://doi.org/10.1674/0003-0031-171.2.350
Received: 28 September 2012; Accepted: 1 November 2013; Published: 1 February 2014
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