The Neotropical genus Cryptocanthon Balthasar (Scarabaeinae: Canthonini) is revised. Diagnoses, descriptions and a key to the 35 species are presented, including 22 new species:C. bochilae, C. howdeni, C. montebello, C. ocosingo and C. rayonensis from Mexico; C. osaensis and C. solisi from Costa Rica; C. denticulum and C. lobipygus from Panama; C. escobari, C. foveatus, C. medinae and C. pumilus from Colombia; C. andersoni, C. gilli and C. punctatus from Venezuela; C. galbao from French Guiana; C. curticrinus, C. genieri, C. napoensis, C. otonga and C. urguensis from Ecuador. All of the known species of Cryptocanthon are inhabitants of wet forest litter. A phylogenetic hypothesis and biogeographical discussion are included. Based on the phylogenetic analysis, four species groups were established: a northern South America relict species group, an Amazonian-Guianan lowland species group, a middle American species group, and a northern Andean species group. The diversity and level of endemicity of Cryptocanthon is consistent with other small-sized scarab beetles.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.