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1 August 2004 WINTER PHILOPATRY OF HARLEQUIN DUCKS IN PRINCE WILLIAM SOUND, ALASKA
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Abstract

We used capture-mark-recapture data to assess winter philopatry by Harlequin Ducks (Histrionicus histrionicus) in Prince William Sound, Alaska, during winters 1995–1997 and 2000–2001. Philopatry was quantified using homing rates, which were estimated as the proportion of birds recaptured at their original site out of all recaptured birds. Between-year homing rates of 0.95 (95% CI: 0.87–1.00) and 1.00 (0.92–1.00) were estimated for females and males, respectively, at three locations on Montague Island. Similar homing rates were measured in western Prince William Sound, where estimates were 0.92 (0.80–0.98) for females and 0.96 (0.79–1.00) for males, with a scale of detected movements for all recapture birds ranging from 3–52 km. Our results indicate that wintering aggregations may be demographically independent at a much finer spatial scale than genetic data indicate, and that conservation efforts should recognize this degree of demographic separation among population segments.

Filopatría Invernal de Histrionicus histrionicus en Prince William Sound, Alaska

Resumen. Utilizamos datos de marcaje y recaptura para determinar la filopatría de Histrionicus histrionicus en Prince William Sound, Alaska, durante los inviernos de 1995–1997 y 2000–2001. La filopatría fue cuantificada utilizando la tasa de retorno, estimada a partir de la proporción del total de aves capturadas que se recapturaron en su sitio original. Las tasas de retorno entre años, estimadas en tres localidades en la isla Montague, fueron de 0.95 (95% IC: 0.87–1.00) y 1.00 (0.92–1.00) para hembras y machos, respectivamente. En Prince William Sound se midieron tasas de retorno similares, donde las estimaciones fueron 0.92 (0.80– 0.98) para las hembras y 0.96 (0.79–1.00) para los machos, y para todas las aves recapturadas se detectó una escala de movimiento entre 3 y 52 km. Nuestros resultados indican que las agrupaciones de invierno pueden ser demográficamente independientes a una escala espacial mucho más fina de lo que los datos genéticos indican, y que los esfuerzos de conservación deberían reconocer este grado de separación demográ fica entre segmentos de poblaciones.

Samuel A. Iverson, Daniel Esler, and Daniel J. Rizzolo "WINTER PHILOPATRY OF HARLEQUIN DUCKS IN PRINCE WILLIAM SOUND, ALASKA," The Condor 106(3), 711-715, (1 August 2004). https://doi.org/10.1650/7504
Received: 17 October 2003; Accepted: 1 April 2004; Published: 1 August 2004
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