Fishing spiders, Dolomedes Latreille, 1804 (Pisauridae), are thought to be important predators in semi-aquatic ecosystems, but relatively few studies have investigated feeding ecology of Asian species. Here, we report on the diet of the Okinawan fishing spider, Dolomedes orion Tanikawa, 2003, the largest cursorial spider in Japan, based upon field observations on Amami Oshima Island in Kagoshima Prefecture and a literature review. A total of 13 predation events were observed in field surveys and 10 records were found in the literature. Together, these indicate the consumption of a broad range of food items from arthropods to vertebrates, e.g., insects, harvestman, conspecific spiders, crustaceans (freshwater crab and prawn), two species of endemic frogs (Rana ulma, Odorrana narina), and an Okinawa tree lizard (Japalura polygonata polygonata). Because this species has substantial energy demands for growth, large prey items such as crustaceans and vertebrates seem to be its primary food resources with 10 of 23 prey items [= 43%] belonging to these two large-sized prey groups.
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Vol. 47 • No. 1