Translator Disclaimer
1 July 2002 Ecology, Development and Pathogenicity of Buddenbrockia plumatellae Schröder, 1910 (Myxozoa, Malacosporea) (syn. Tetracapsula bryozoides) and Establishment of Tetracapsuloides n. gen. for Tetracapsula bryosalmonae
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

Buddenbrockia plumatellae, an enigmatic worm-like myxozoan, was observed as continuously writhing free and attached ‘worms' and as free mature spores in the coelom of the freshwater bryozoans Plumatella fungosa, Hyalinella punctata, and Fredericella sp. ‘Worm’ numbers could double every three days. ‘Worms' and spores could be expelled from colonies by external pressure. Some mature ‘worms' exited actively, entraining release of free spores, and gradually ceased movement outside the host. Bryozoans sealed off infected regions of the colony. Infected colonies grew slowly, produced no statoblasts, and eventually regressed and died. Transmission was not achieved and prevalence was low. Electron microscopy of ‘worms' revealed a single layer of mural cells on a fibrous basal lamina overlying four longitudinal muscle blocks and an inner sheet of two types of proliferating cells, an organization indicative of the bilaterian ancestry of the Myxozoa. Primary type A cells were attached directly by striated tubules to mural cells at positions between muscle blocks. Secondary type A cells had a secretory function. Type B cells underwent meiosis and subsequently developed to typical malacosporean myxozoan spores filling the internal cavity of the ‘worms’. External tubes were formed during capsulogenesis in ‘worms' from Fredericella sp. Tetracapsula bryozoides is synonymised with Buddenbrockia plumatellae and a new genus is proposed for Tetracapsula bryosalmonae.

ELIZABETH U. CANNING, SYLVIE TOPS, ALAN CURRY, TIMOTHY S. WOOD, and BETH OKAMURA "Ecology, Development and Pathogenicity of Buddenbrockia plumatellae Schröder, 1910 (Myxozoa, Malacosporea) (syn. Tetracapsula bryozoides) and Establishment of Tetracapsuloides n. gen. for Tetracapsula bryosalmonae," The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 49(4), 280-295, (1 July 2002). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1550-7408.2002.tb00371.x
Received: 26 January 2002; Accepted: 10 April 2002; Published: 1 July 2002
JOURNAL ARTICLE
16 PAGES

This article is only available to subscribers.
It is not available for individual sale.
+ SAVE TO MY LIBRARY

SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top