Translator Disclaimer
1 January 2005 Vascular flora of Caumsett State Historic Park, Lloyd Neck, Long Island, New York, with notes on the vegetation
Author Affiliations +
Abstract
Greller, A.M. (Department of Biology, Queens College, CUNY, Flushing, NY 11367; and Department of Science, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 1000 Washington Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11225), G. E. Lotowycz (Planting Fields Herbarium and Library, Planting Fields Arboretum, P.O. Box 58, Oyster Bay, NY 11771), G. Moore (Department of Science, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 1000 Washington Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11225), E. Lamont (New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458), H. Binger (Department of Biology, Queens College, CUNY, Flushing, NY 11367), B. Conolly (Long Island Botanical Society, P.O. Box 507, Aquebogue, NY 11931), V. Dankel (Department of Biology, Queens College, CUNY, Flushing, NY 11367), J. Hoar (Caumsett Foundation, Caumsett State Park, Lloyd harbor, Huntington, NY 11743), C. Johnston (Planting Fields Herbarium and Library, Planting Fields Arboretum, P.O. Box 58, Oyster Bay, NY 11771), A. Mangiacapre (Department of Biology, Queens College, CUNY, Flushing, NY 11367), J. Schmidt (Department of Biology, Queens College, CUNY, Flushing, NY 11367), L. Zimmerman (Department of Biology, Queens College, CUNY, Flushing, NY 11367), V. Luisi (Department of Biology, Queens College, CUNY, Flushing, NY 11367), B. Quigley (Department of Biology, Queens College, CUNY, Flushing, NY 11367), M. L. Lamont (Long Island Botanical Society, P.O. Box 507, Aquebogue, NY 11931), and S. E. Clemants (Department of Science, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 1000 Washington Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11225). Vascular Flora of Caumsett State Park, Lloyd Neck, Long Island, New York, with notes on the vegetation. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 132: 149–168. 2005.—Caumsett State Historic Park (CSHP) is a 650 ha tract, 50 km east of New York City, New York. The vascular flora comprises 101 families, 330 genera, and 624 species, of which 405 species (65%) are native and 219 species (35%) are exotic to CSHP. Flowering plants (Division Magnoliophyta) form the bulk of the flora. Magnoliopsida (dicots) account for most of the angiosperm families, genera, and species. Liliopsida (monocots) scarcely account for more than 20% in any category. Pinophyta (conifers) are rare, as are the Lycopodiophyta and Equisetophyta (“fern allies”). Polypodiophyta (ferns) equal all the other non-angiosperm groups, at all taxonomic levels. The most species rich families are Asteraceae, Poaceae, Rosaceae, Fabaceae, Cyperaceae, Liliaceae, Lamiaceae and Brassicaceae, in that order. The largest genera are Carex, Aster, Solidago/Euthamia, Polygonum, and Hieracium, in that order.Eleven CSHP species are listed as endangered or threatened in New York State (NYS; Young and Weldy 2003). These are Carex abscondita, C. hormathodes, Cenchrus tribuloides, Scirpus georgianus, S. maritimus, Acalypha virginica var. virginica, Lycopus rubellus, Lysimachia hybrida, Physalis pubescens var. integrifolia, Salicornia bigelovii, Suaeda linearis. Two species, Ligustrum ovalifolium and Vicia lathyroides are new to the flora of NYS.Five classes of habitats are found within the park, each with many types of plant communities. These are I. upland forests, mature forest and also extensive areas undergoing succession; II. freshwater swamps, marshes and ponds, dominated by flood tolerant trees, shrubs, forbs or graminoids; III. gravel and sand deposits, dominated by drought tolerant shrubs, forbs and grasses; IV. tidal wetlands, dominated by salt tolerant grasses, shrubs and, locally, forbs; and V. disturbed habitats, mainly lawns and dry meadows, dominated by grasses and composites.
Andrew M. Greller, Grace E. Lotowycz, Gerry Moore, Eric Lamont, Hank Binger, Barbara Conolly, Virginia Dankel, Jane Hoar, Carol Johnston, Anthony Mangiacapre, Joan Schmidt, Lewis Zimmerman, Vincent Luisi, Bernard Quigley, Mary Laura Lamont and Steven E. Clemants "Vascular flora of Caumsett State Historic Park, Lloyd Neck, Long Island, New York, with notes on the vegetation 1," The Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 132(1), (1 January 2005). https://doi.org/10.3159/1095-5674(2005)132[149:VFOCSH]2.0.CO;2
Received: 8 July 2003; Accepted: ; Published: 1 January 2005
JOURNAL ARTICLE
20 PAGES


SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top