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1 September 2014 Visual display in Blanchard's cricket frogs (Acris blanchardi)
Eva A. Horne, Sarah Foulks, Nora M. Bello
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Most reports of anuran visual displays (especially those involving extension of the back legs) are of tropical species living within noisy habitats. Here, we provide a descriptive report of visual displays involving back leg extension in a temperate anuran, Blanchard's cricket frog (Acris blanchardi). We observed male cricket frogs engaging in bouts of display, lasting an average of 2.9 min and incorporating both visual and acoustic signals. In a typical display bout, frogs near each other began circling (during a chorus at the pond) within a small area while extending their back legs and occasionally vocalizing. Rarely, the frogs would attack one another by hopping onto, then off, an opponent. Bouts ended when individuals stopped displaying while remaining near each other. The most common behaviors observed during a display bout, in order of decreasing frequency, were leg extensions, direction changes, forward movements, and vocalizations. These observations increase prospects for the study of evolution of visual displays in anurans occupying relatively open, quiet habitats.

Eva A. Horne, Sarah Foulks, and Nora M. Bello "Visual display in Blanchard's cricket frogs (Acris blanchardi)," The Southwestern Naturalist 59(3), 409-413, (1 September 2014).
Received: 28 July 2013; Accepted: 1 May 2014; Published: 1 September 2014

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