We studied the breeding ecology of the Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina elisae) in subalpine secondary broad-leaf forest near Beijing, China during 2003–2006. The Narcissus Flycatcher arrived in the breeding area at the beginning of May with first-spring males arriving later than older males. Nests of first-spring male Narcissus Flycatchers were at lower altitudes (1,271.0 ± 20.7 m) than those of older males (1,363.8 ± 22.5 m). Narcissus Flycatchers nested in diverse sites on different plant species with Betula dahurica being most commonly used. Nests of Narcissus Flycatchers were exposed and 2.5 ± 0.3 m above the ground with mean clutch size of 4.3 ± 0.2. Mean egg length was 17.2 ± 0.1 mm, mean egg width was 13.2 ± 0.1 mm. and mean egg mass was 1.5 ± 0.0 g. The mean incubation period was 13.4 ± 0.2 days and mean nestling period was 13.2 ± 0.2 days. Fledging success was 4.0 ± 0.3 fledglings per successful nest. The Narcissus Flycatcher had low breeding success (51.2%), mainly because of predation.
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Vol. 120 • No. 1