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1 March 2013 Breeding Biology of the Straight-Billed Woodcreeper
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Abstract

We studied the breeding biology of the Straight-billed Woodcreeper (Dendroplex picus) (Dendrocolaptinae) from eight nests in Hato Masaguaral, Venezuela and reviewed current literature for all woodcreeper species. Straight-billed Woodcreepers nested in PVC nest-boxes (n  =  6) and in wooden fence posts (n  =  2). Mean ± SE clutch size was 2.50 ± 0.19 eggs (n  =  8) and egg mass was 5.41 ± 0.12 g (n  =  17). Egg mass and clutch mass represented 12.4% and 31% of adult mass, respectively. Both males and females incubated, but average incubation nest attentiveness (percent of time on the nest) was only 63.2 ± 8.2% (n  =  8). The relatively low nest attentiveness was associated with an incubation period of 17 days (n  =  1). The nestling period was 17–18 days (n  =  2), and both parents provisioned the young. Nestling growth rate constants (K) for mass, tarsus, and wing chord were 0.45 ± 0.04, 0.34 ± 0.03, and 0.27 ± 0.02, respectively. Three of eight nests were successful and five were lost to predation. Comparisons with other woodcreepers for many traits are difficult because of limited information. The available information indicates female-only and biparental incubation exists within the Dendrocolaptinae. Our observations of the Straight-billed Woodcreeper add Dendroplex to the genera with biparental incubation.

2013 by the Wilson Ornithological Society
Ania A. Majewska and Juan C. Oteyza "Breeding Biology of the Straight-Billed Woodcreeper," The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 125(1), 150-158, (1 March 2013). https://doi.org/10.1676/10-149.1
Received: 13 September 2010; Accepted: 1 July 2012; Published: 1 March 2013
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